Benefits:  Essential mineral for the body as it helps to form haemoglobin in red blood cells and myoglobin in muscle cells. Plays an important role in the immune system. Required for normal energy metabolism. Deficiency: Iron deficiency anaemia is the most common nutritional deficiency condition. More than 2 billion people worldwide suffer from iron deficiency […]

Iodine and Sulphur

Iodine   Benefits: Essential component of the thyroid hormones (thyroxine and triiodothyronine) which are essential regulators of metabolic rate, physical and mental development. In the fetus is essential for the development of the nervous system during the first three months of gestation. It prevents goiter and a congenital thyroid disorder. Deficiency: Iodine deficiency is rare […]

Copper and Fluoride

Copper   Benefits: Helps to produce red and white blood cells. Needed to utilise iron efficiently and is thought to be important for infant growth, brain development, strong bones and the immune system. Deficiency: Dietary deficiency is rare in adults but it can include defects in cardiovascular function. Deficiency in infants and young children may […]

Nickel and Chromium

Nickel Benefits: Influences the amount of iron the body absorbs from food. Could be important in assisting to make red blood cells. Deficiency: Deficiency is rare. Toxicity: High doses of nickel might cause skin rash. Examples of dietary sources include: Nuts, lentils, oats. Reference Nutrient Intakes (approximate values for adults): Healthy individuals should be able […]


  Benefits: It is essential to the body to develop and maintain healthy bones and teeth. Approximately 99% of calcium is in the bones and teeth where its role is primarily structural. It assists to the regulation of muscle contractions including the heart. It plays an important role to blood clotting, hormone secretion, transmission of […]

Folic Acid (folate, folacin)

  Benefits: Folic Acid works together with vitamin B12 to create healthy red blood cells. It helps in the prevention of spine birth defects when taken early in pregnancy. Specifically, it is required for the normal structure of the nervous system and particularly in the development of the neural tube in the embryo. May reduce […]

Vitamin D (calciferol)   

Benefits:  It helps to the regulation of the amount of calcium and phosphate in the body. It is vital to keep bones and teeth healthy. Vitamin D may be beneficial in treatment of osteoporosis. Deficiency: Poor vitamin D status may lead to sarcopenia which is the age related loss of skeletal muscle. It usually affects […]

Vitamin C (ascorbic acid) 

  Benefits: It has antioxidant properties. Food rich in vitamin C may lower the risk for some cancers (e.g. oesophagus, stomach, breast and mouth). Protects cells and keeps them healthy. Helps the healing process and supports blood vessel walls. Involved in the normal structure and function of blood vessels and neurological function. Strengthens the immune […]